Optimal Brain Development in Children with DHA & Inositol

formula milk brain development

Brain development is a wonderful and necessary trip that takes place primarily in the first 5 years of life. The human brain undergoes a complex series of changes and growth during these early years, laying the groundwork for a child’s cognitive, emotional, and physical development. The importance of this process cannot be emphasised, because optimal brain development establishes the foundation for a child’s overall growth, learning capacity, and future well-being.

During these formative years, the brain’s extraordinary flexibility allows it to adapt, learn, and build connections between neurons, resulting in a robust network for processing information and comprehending the world. These early experiences and interactions have a significant impact on the architecture of the brain, altering cognitive skills such as memory, attention, and problem-solving abilities.

Supporting healthy brain development in children becomes our common obligation as carers, parents, educators, and society at large. We can improve a child’s cognitive, social, and emotional skills by providing a supportive, stimulating, and enriched environment, assuring their long-term health and success.

Understanding the elements that positively influence brain development and recognising the potential problems that may impede it are critical stages in boosting the well-being and potential of the future generation. By investing in the formula  milk for growth, which significantly supports growth and enhances brain development. We set the framework for a brighter future in which every kid may attain their full potential, and positively contribute to society.



DHA, also known as docosahexaenoic acid, is an important Omega-3 fatty acid that is essential for brain development and function. It is an important brain building block, especially during the early years when neural connections and cognitive capacities are quickly growing.

DHA has been linked to better cognitive function, attention span, memory, and problem-solving skills in youngsters, according to research. This fatty acid greatly contributes to the structural integrity of brain cells and facilitates neuronal connection, allowing for efficient information processing.

DHA intake is especially important throughout the early phases of life such as pregnancy, when the brain is growing and maturing. Pregnant mothers who consume enough DHA-rich meals can assure their unborn child’s proper brain development. It is essential  that Adequate DHA-rich food consumption during childhood can improve brain development, boost cognitive capacities (such as learning, problem-solving, reasoning, and planning), support vision, and contribute to overall health and well-being.

This article examines an age-specific breakdown of DHA consumption to provide a full understanding of the impact of DHA at various phases of a child’s life. It highlights the possible benefits of ensuring an adequate supply of DHA-rich foods throughout a child’s developmental journey, as well as how this critical nutrient might positively influence brain growth and cognition.


During Pregnancy and Early Childhood Development

DHA is crucial for a developing brain and eye development during pregnancy. Maternal DHA intake has been linked to improved cognitive performance in children. Additionally, DHA supplementation during pregnancy containing DHA supports healthy development.

Furthermore, formula milk is a source of DHA, which is crucial nutrition for kids developing brains and visual systems. DHA in formula milk for children ensures they receive this important nutrient, during the early stages of life


How much DHA should your kids be consuming?

i. Age 1 – 2: Building the Foundation for Growth

It is critical for this stage to receive an appropriate intake of DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) during the early stages of life to promote their normal growth and brain development. On this stage of the kid should consume DHA at a rate of 0.1% to 0.18% of their total energy intake before age 1. This guideline is based on the fact that DHA synthesis from alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) is limited during this time period, making it critical to get DHA from the diet.

The recommended appropriate intake (AI) of DHA from age 1 to 2 is approximately 10-12 mg. This phase is also significant for the brain and visual development, and adequate DHA consumption is essential during this time.


Fat/FA Age Group Measure Numeric Amount Level of Evidence
DHA 0-6 mo AI 0.1 – 0.18 %Eb Convincing
0-6  mo U-AMDR no upper value within the HM range up to 0.75%E Convincing
0-6 mo Comment conditionally essential due to limited synthesis from ALA Probable
6-24 mo AI 10-12 mg/kg Probable
0-24 mo Comment critical role in retinal and brain development Convincing
EPA+DHA 2-4 yr AI 100-150 mg (age adjusted for chronic disease prevention) Probable
4-6 yr AI 150-200 mg (bridged from an infant value of 10mg/kg) Probable
6-10 yr AI 200-250 mg (to the adult value assigned at age 10 years) Probable

Source: https://www.fao.org/3/i1953e/i1953e00.pdf(page 12)


ii) 2- 4 yr (EPA+DHA): A Shield Against Chronic Diseases

It is recommended to consume an adequate intake (AI) of 100-150 mg of combined EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), two important fatty acids present in fish and seafood, to improve the prevention of chronic diseases and overall health. Because different life phases have varied nutritional needs, the recommended intake may change with age.

Aside from their well-known involvement in brain development, EPA and DHA may provide long-term health advantages. These fatty acids have been essential for children’s healthy growth, brain development, and cognitive function. They may also play a role in reducing the risk of allergies, improving sleep, enhancing school performance, and potentially reducing ADHD symptoms.

Consider 100 grams of grilled catfish and prawns as a practical example of EPA and DHA intake. This serving contains around 100-150 mg of DHA. Individuals can meet the needed AI of these essential fatty acids by including such seafood in their diet, adding to their potential health advantages and boosting general well-being.


iii) 4-6 Years: Fostering Continued Cognitive Development

During this period of life, it is recommended to consume an adequate intake (AI) of 150-200 mg of combined EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). This AI value is derived from the intake level observed, which is approximately 10 mg per kilogram of body weight. As children grow, the AI of EPA and DHA increases to support their ongoing cognitive development and overall well-being.

EPA and DHA are essential fatty acids that play a vital role in brain function and overall health. Ensuring sufficient intake of these nutrients during childhood can contribute to enhanced cognitive development, improved attention and focus, and better overall health.

As an example of EPA and DHA intake, consider 100 grams of cooked haddock and cod. Within this serving, one can obtain approximately 150-200 mg of DHA. Including such seafood in the diet allows children to meet the recommended AI of these essential fatty acids, supporting their ongoing cognitive growth and overall health. 


iv) 6-10 Years: Strengthening the Mind

The recommended acceptable intake (AI) for EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) climbs to 200-250 mg as children approach their pre-adolescent years. This rise matches the adult AI value assigned at age ten, emphasising the continuous relevance of these important fatty acids in maintaining brain function and overall health during these critical developmental years.

EPA and DHA are essential for brain health, cognition, and a variety of physiological processes. Children endure tremendous growth and development during the pre-adolescent stage, and ensuring a proper intake of EPA and DHA becomes critical for their overall well-being.

Consider 100 grams of cooked grouper and tuna canned in water as an example of how to fulfil this suggested intake. Approximately 200-250 mg of DHA can be obtained from this serving. Including such seafood in a child’s diet allows them to meet the necessary AI for EPA and DHA, which is critical for brain development and overall health during this critical stage of life.


Source: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/3-Total-fat-EPA-and-DHA-content-of-different-fish-species_tbl9_21716526


Inositol, may be referred to as vitamin B8, is a form of sugar. Despite not being a genuine vitamin, it serves a variety of important roles in the body, especially during child development. One of its critical functions is to support neurotransmitter activity and messaging in the brain, which is vital for the growth and function of different organs and systems. 

During child development, inositol plays a crucial role in supporting brain functions. It helps with neurotransmitter activity and messaging in the brain, which is important for cognitive development, learning and memory. Inositol influences neurotransmitter receptor regulation, calcium signalling, and neuronal growth, all of which play important roles in child’s mood, mental health, and cognitive performance.

Apart from its role in neurotransmitter communication, inositol also regulates cell osmolality, which is important for maintaining the balance of water and solutes inside cells. It mediates cell signalling, which helps cells communicate and work together effectively. Additionally, inositol contributes to the formation of the nervous system, supports the production of pulmonary surfactant phospholipids (important for lung function), and aids the body’s defence processes to keep the child healthy.

The effects of inositol on brain health during child development go beyond neurotransmitter activity. It can positively influence mood-related neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine, which may contribute to improved emotional well-being and mental stability in children.

It’s important to note that child development is a complex process, and while inositol can be beneficial, it is just one piece of the puzzle. A balanced and nutritious diet, along with proper care, love, and a supportive environment, all play critical roles in ensuring a child’s healthy growth and development.


How Inositol and DHA Support Children’s Brain Development

Inositol and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) are two necessary nutrients that, when combined, can give significant benefits for development and overall health, especially during critical phases of life.

Inositol aids in a variety of cellular processes in the body, including cell signalling and cell osmolality regulation. It also plays an important function in the creation of structural compounds within the body. Inositol contributes to the overall functioning and health of cells and tissues by engaging in several essential activities.

DHA, on the other hand, is an Omega-3 fatty acid that is essential for brain and eye development. It is an essential building component for the brain, particularly during early development, when neural connections and cognitive capacities are quickly forming. DHA is also important in the development of the visual system, contributing to increased visual acuity and eye health.

When inositol and DHA are both present and working properly within the body, their combined effects can have a positive impact on general development and health. The support of cellular processes provided by inositol can aid in the efficient utilisation and integration of DHA inside brain cells and neural tissues, hence optimising DHA’s impact on brain development and function.

Overall, DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) is a vital nutrient that plays an indispensable role in the development of children. Its influence extends to various aspects of a child’s growth and overall health, making it a crucial component of formula milk for growth malaysia

As a key Omega-3 fatty acid, DHA is particularly beneficial for brain development, supporting cognitive functions such as memory, attention, and problem-solving abilities. Additionally, it plays a crucial role in visual development, contributing to improved visual acuity and eye health in children.

Fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines are excellent sources of DHA, making them valuable additions to formula milk. Including these fish in their meals helps ensure an adequate intake of this essential nutrient, supporting their optimal growth and development.

For those interested in exploring further information about DHA and its significance in child development, additional resources on the topic are available here. By accessing these resources, parents, caregivers, and educators can gain a deeper understanding of the critical role DHA plays in children’s health and well-being.

In conclusion, recognizing the importance of DHA and inositol as a critical nutrient for child development can empower individuals to make informed dietary choices that support a child’s cognitive and visual development, ultimately contributing to their overall growth and long-term health.



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